The International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) is executing a cryospheric monitoring project in two glacierised catchments in Nepal. The project aims at building capacity of regional researchers in glacio-hydrological monitoring techniques.
In many natural areas in The Netherlands groundwater levels and water management do not meet vegetation needs. Policy measures have been taken since the 1980’s, often accompanied by field monitoring programs. Groundwater levels are often monitored by biweekly or monthly measurements, but it is often unclear what measures have been taken where, when and to what extent. Also, monitoring is not always standardized and data documentation is lacking.
Water and energy are closely linked. On the one hand can water be used to produce electricity by hydro-power plants. On the other hand are large quantities of electricity used to irrigate and drain water. Typical example is The Netherlands where halve of the country is below the sea level and daily millions of cubic meters of water are pumped into the sea.
For three agricultural fields in the Netherlands innovative drainage systems have been constructed. These so-called climate-proof drainage systems will respond to the projected increase in weather extremes as a result of climate change. The climate-proof drainage systems would mitigate severe droughts by sub-surface infiltration. The systems can also be used to retain water upstream in order to overcome excessive flooding downstream.
The land degradation and remote sensing chair of the department of physical geography has recently initiated a UAV research line. Earlier applications showed good results in the application of UAVs in land slide monitoring in Tasmania and there is clear scope for extending this approach to other fields. Linked to the glacio-hydrological research being conducted in the group a pilot project has been started to derive high resolution DEMs of a glacier in Nepal and HiView will generate the raw data for this project.